windows

What are the differences between Windows and Linux?

Who of us has not ever heard about the existing battle between Windows and Linux users? At this point in the circumstances surely no one can deny that both sides have their reasons, and of course, believe that the operating system they use is the best.

Unfortunately, this difference of opinion is expressed as a kind of contest without real possibility of peace, all because of fanaticism without reason, which of course leaves the neutral user without deep knowledge of the subject, with the impossibility of knowing what the operating system that best fits your specific needs.

Differences between Windows & Linux

There is really no doubt that Windows is the operating system currently most widely used worldwide, but over the months, Linux is increasingly taking preponderance. While both operating systems offer deep design differences, they share the same philosophy: be easy to use and provide the user with all necessary tools to carry out its tasks.

Windows vs Linux: Hardware and software

It is a myth that Linux is an operating system for connoisseurs, the efforts made by companies like Canonical, makers of Ubuntu, the most widely used Linux distribution, are huge, all focused for the user to get exactly what you want without mechanisms complicated.

This was so many years ago, but now things have changed. Linux is at the same level of usability Windows, where everything is materialized in a few clicks. This is not bad, is basically what need a user that to have to spend much time in front of the computer screen.

Differences between Windows & Linux

Windows and Linux apps

Where Windows shines is in the number of applications available for the platform. Not that there is not much variety of applications in the Linux environment, but let’s face it, for every Linux application for a particular task, there are 100 for Windows, giving us a better margin of choice. One of the best places to download thousands of applications for Windows is CNET Downloads.

Differences between Windows & Linux

Another point where perhaps Windows is a better choice for us is whether we are professionals in a specific field such as graphic design, video editing or other very specific task, but if ours is the writing, trading or other activities where not required special applications, on Linux we can find amazing tools like OpenOffice or GNUCash, which will satisfy our needs perfectly.

Photoshop, games and other specific apps in Linux and Windows

Although many Linux fans will find that the following declaration is almost an offense, the fact is that Gimp, an excellent tool for image manipulation, is light years behind in terms of design and features from Adobe Photoshop. Same with applications like Cinelerra or Inkscape, all very good, but its implementation in the professional field is almost non-viable. Similarly happens with games.

Differences between Windows & Linux

However, for the basic user, which only requires a few tools like an image editor, a text editor and some other things, Linux, being free and very stable, it is a very interesting option, and best of all it is that exist versions, called distributions, specifically designed to be used on older computers or with limited resources.

Differences between Windows & Linux

Not so with Windows, since the latest version of the operating system requires considerable resources, and older versions such as Windows XP, which could best work on old equipment no longer supported or updated, whereby use of this type of OS it can be quite dangerous today.

Printers and video cards

Windows is very friendly with respect to the installation of devices. In contrast, although a vast majority of times we will not have trouble installing printers, video cards or other peripherals, Linux is sometimes a bit complicated in that sense, but it is noteworthy that this is also due to reluctance of some manufacturers to develop drivers for Linux of your devices.

Differences between Windows & Linux

Windows vs Linux: Virus and Security

Windows is widely recognized by the large number of viruses and malware developed for damaging its structure, but over the years this image is increasingly far from reality. Microsoft, thanks to the profound changes, constant updates in the system and in the code and changing the way how users use permits system has achieved greatly minimize the vulnerabilities who once were responsible for the destruction of hundreds of terabytes of information. And if we add a good antivirus system like Microsoft Security or Avast! We not have to worry about anything.

Much has been said about that Linux is invincible in relation to the virus, and this is very true. The system file permissions of the operating system make it an impregnable fortress.

Differences between Windows & Linux

Nevertheless, the fundamental fact for which Linux is not so exposed to attack as Windows is simple: Do not exist so many Linux users, at least in the home environment or small office, so it is not profitable to develop specific virus for this platform, at least for the moment.

Conclusion

Both operating systems deliver what they promise, if we consider the issues raised above, these operating systems can be very useful in our work.

Obviously one of the biggest differences between Windows and Linux is that the Penguin SO is absolutely free, against the hundreds of dollars it costs a Windows license, and it is paramount that the user must keep in mind before making any step.

With Linux we can do everything we are used to doing with Windows, even a lot of software available for Windows has developed a version of it for Linux.

But to know in depth which is the operating system that best suits us nothing better than to try it for yourself each of its characteristics, ponder about the type of computer we have and the work we do every day, and from there, draw conclusions.

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What are the types of operating systems?

The operating system of a computer is the vital element to work. Without SO, we cannot perform any tasks, which the PC pas to be just a decorative object. Such is the importance of the operating system.

As we know, there are several on the market OS: Linux, Windows, Mac, Android and many more, but these are their trade names. The important thing is what kind of operating system corresponds each. This is the aim of this article.

Operating system types

Today, there are 4 basic types of operating systems. They are divided into groups related to the type of computers that control and the type of applications that execute.

These are the broad categories:

RTOS Real-Time Operating System

It is used to control machinery, scientific instruments and industrial systems. Generally an RTOS has a very simple interface for the user and is not intended for the end user, since the system is delivered as a “sealed box”.

Operating system types

The RTOS function is to control the computer resources for a specific operation, such as execute the same instruction or operation during a determinate time period. In a complex machine, if one part moves faster, because there are resources available to do system, it can be catastrophic.

Single-user, single-tasking

This operating system was developed for a single user can do one thing at a time. Some operating systems used by cell phones are the best example of a modern single-user and single-tasking operating system.

Operating system types

Single-user, multi-tasking

This type of operating system is the most widely used in desktop computers and notebooks. The Microsoft Windows and Apple MacOS platforms are examples of operating systems that allow a single user to use several programs simultaneously. For example, it is perfectly possible for a Windows user to write a note in a word processor while performing a download of a file, or printing a email.

Multi-user, multi-tasking

A multiuser operating system allows multiple users to use the computer’s resources simultaneously. The operating system must ensure that applications for multiple users are balanced. Each of the programs used must have sufficient and separate resources so that a user with problems does not affect to the other users. Unix, Windows Server, VMS and mainframe operating systems like MVS are examples of multi-user operating systems.

Operating system types

It is important to differentiate the multiuser operating systems that support single-user operating systems networks. Some versions of Windows can support multiple users on a network, but the operating systems themselves are not true multi-user systems. The system administrator is the only “user”. The network supports and all remote users are, from the standpoint of the operating system, a program being executed by the administrator.

You need to do an operating system?

The aim of an operating system is to make that the computer and its peripherals can be used without problems for anyone, even without knowledge of the hardware available on that computer.

It has to enable the user to create and access files, use the programs, enter internet, play and all things that can be done with computers or mobile devices. Besides that, the operating system has to execute the software and provide access to the system resources to user in a simple and organized way.

Operating system types

What is the most used operating system?

Undoubtedly, Windows, the operating system of Microsoft, is the most widely used. It is present in over 90% of the world’s computers.

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What is the difference between a 32 bit and 64-bit PC?

One of the questions often ask those who have to change a computer, or doing installations or upgrades to the operating system or software user, is about the type of architecture that runs internally equipment. We have surely heard about if a processor or operating system version is 32 or 64 bits, but unfortunately these numbers mean nothing to us.

This is precisely the objective of this article, provide information on this subject so we can all know exactly are related to these figures and what its practical applications for daily work, since a wrong implementation of any of these platforms in certain tasks may result in a waste of money or even in a major loss of productivity.

Differences between 32 and 64 bits

Before starting

As a first step, it should be noted that the terminology “PC 32 or 64 bits” refers to both the processor architecture and operating system used to process the data, i.e. both things go hand in hand, at least in most the cases. That said, we started the full article.

Main differences between 32- and 64-bit

Basically, the main difference between a 32-bit processor and a 64-bit processor is that the first is able to process bit sequences up to 32 bit, while 64-bit processors may extend to twice this capacity.

As we know, a PC processor is responsible for conducting all logical and mathematical calculations to get the results requested by the user, and thus must manage information packets at a certain rate.

At this point the main difference between both platforms is that in the case of 64-bit processors, these can work with twice the information in the same clock cycle that a processor of 32 bits, allowing them can access higher capacity memory and process much larger blocks of data, increasing by this way the performance and speed of the overall process.

Differences between 32 and 64 bits

Another difference, and why many professional systems prefer a 64-bit architecture, is that this type of processors can address theoretically up to 16 exabytes of memory while the 32-bit processors can only address 4Gb, more than enough amount of RAM for desktop computers in an office, but for more complex systems is a too low amount of memory.

As for Windows operating systems, the most important difference between versions 32 and 64 bits is that the first supports up to 4Gb of RAM, but which can only be used 3.25 Gb. In the case of 64-bit operating systems, can address up to 192 Gb of RAM.

A stark choice: What PC must I buy? A computer of 32 bits or one of 64 bits?

The first thing to think about when evaluating the purchase of a PC, especially if you are in doubt about which of the available PC architectures choose, is what is the use that will give the new computer.

In the event that only we use for common tasks in home or office, i.e. surfing the net, reading mail, making spreadsheets or write a document, a computer and operating system with a 32-bit architecture is enough because we should not subject the equipment to very complex tasks.

Differences between 32 and 64 bits

In addition the processing capacity of a 64-bit system costs a lot more money, and if we will not need this extra capacity, is useless to spend the extra cost of this type of 64-bit architectures to waste it.

Now, if we are professionals in some specialized area as the graphic design, architecture, engineering, video editing or other contexts where it is necessary more computing capacity beyond the usual, then the best choice is to have a 64-bit system, since this architecture can work with larger and complex numerical operations than a 32-bit system, type of architecture that will have to split the operations and instructions in various sequences, subtracting performance and capacity system-wide calculations, which does not happen in a 64-bit architecture, since is able to process more number of operations at the same time, making it much more stable and faster to the whole.

Differences between 32 and 64 bits

Migrating from a 32-bit to a 64-bit

If we are evaluating the possibility to migrate from a 32-bit system to a 64-bit, one of the first things we have to think about is in the software compatibility, i.e. programs and hardware drivers. It is extremely important that before starting with migration we are very sure that all our hardware such as cameras, scanners, printers and everything else, have a 64-bit version of its drivers. Otherwise, if you do not want to complicate, will touch go buy new hardware.

If we take into consideration the warnings of Microsoft on this point, install a hardware controller of 32-bit in a 64-bit version of the operating system, may result in errors or until even the device does not work. In the case of user programs, a software developed for a 32-bit platform can function normally on a 64-bit OS, but we will not have that extra capacity provided by these systems.

Differences between 32 and 64 bits

Fortunately, most programs, at least the best known, offers versions for 64-bit platforms, which has also allowed the expansion of this type of architecture, the same happens with the leading manufacturers and device drivers.

Another thing we have to consider is that if we want to migrate to a 64-bit architecture from a version of Windows 32 bits, it cannot be done by an upgrade or patch, will have to buy a specific version for that architecture. Of course if you use a free operating system like Debian or its derivatives like Ubuntu, migration not be a problem.

Conclusion

As we have seen, a 64-bit computer can be the ideal solution for all users that manipulate large amounts of data because of the way this architecture processes information.

Now, if we are users who only use the computer to perform basic tasks and little more, and never demand the computer with things too complex, a 32-bit is the answer to our needs, what also liberates us of a series of problems as the mentioned incompatibility of controllers and software.

In short, if you do not take advantage the benefits of 64-bit, spending it means to have this platform will not be justified in any way.