The I/O (input and output) peripheral are used primarily for communication between the computer and the external environment. They provide the ability to enter commands to the PC, and vice versa, i.e. send commands to outside to perform some task on a given device.
In addition, they also have the peculiarity of manage their own transfer rates, without the computer having to deal with the balance of the transmission speed. Among these components we can mention keyboard, monitor and printer.
CD/DVD Drive (Input and Output): Its function is to rotate an optical disk at a constant speed to transfer programs or data from this disk to the computer or vice versa. This operation is performed through a recording and reading head which moves back and forth on the disc surface. The data recorded on the disc can be read and used as a reference in a future operations.
Hard Disk or HD (Input and Output): This types of storage units are characterized by greater storage capacity and faster operation.
It consists of a series of discs of rigid material, grouped in a single axis, each disc having a head. The heads float on the surface of the disc supported on a cushion of air, which means they must be kept in sealed boxes to avoid problems caused by dust and other foreign matter.
Monitor (output device): This is the device that is used to allow the user to view the data and graphics elements needed to perform its task. Without the monitor, it would be virtually impossible to operate a computer. This screen is connected to the computer through the port of the video card.
Mouse (input device): The mouse is placed on any flat surface, and when it moves, it also moves the cursor on the screen with extreme agility. Thus, the user can move to any part of the screen, press the button and select the desired operation and perform all possible actions.
Joystick (Input device): The joystick has the particularity of being able to move in many directions and axles, smoothly and a very agile way, which makes especially useful for all sorts of games and other implementations. This device is moved similarly to the mouse, ie, the movements the user makes with the joystick are repeated on the screen.
Printer (Output device): This peripherical is used to print data on paper. Currently, there are three main types of printers: dot matrix, ink jet and laser.
Modem (Input and output): The modem is a signal conversion device, which is capable of transmitting data over phone lines. The MODEM term is derived from the MOdulation and DEModulation words. Used for internet connection.
Keyboard (input device): The most important means of data entry, which establishes a direct relationship between the user and the computer.
Scanner (Input device): An image scanner is an input device that allows scan pages or pictures from printed material such as magazines, newspapers and posters, and convert them to digital data so they can be used by programs such as Photoshop, OCR applications and other software designed to work with images.
Scanned images can be modified and reproduced again by suitable printing equipment. In this way we can make posters or any other type of work using photographs.