In a few words, “Computer generation” is a term related to the evolution and adaptation of technology and computing. This means that every major breakthrough, such as reducing the size of processors and memory chips, as well as increased capacity and speed, a generation gap occurs.
With each of these technological leaps, the computers and electronic devices are becoming smaller and cheaper, thus ensuring that it is increasing the number of consumers who buy them.
In this sense, in the early 80s, it was virtually impossible to find a home that had a computer. This scenario has changed dramatically, to the point that it is virtually impossible to find a place in the world where a computer will not be performing a task.
All started at the dawn of the 40s with ENIAC, and the last stage of the fifth generation of computers was announced as the “smart computers”, based on Artificial Intelligence, and initiated by a famous project in Japan, and ended in a dismal failure; from here, the history of the computers generations is a bit confusing.
The sixth generation it could be defined as the era of intelligent computers, based on artificial neural networks or “artificial brains”. They would be computers that use superconductors as raw material for its processors, which would allow not to waste electricity into heat due to no resistance, get performance and saving energy. The performance gain would be about 30 times that of a same frequency processor using base metals.
All this is in full swing, at the moment the only developments have been the use of parallel processors, that is, the division of tasks across multiple processing units operating simultaneously. Another novelty is the incorporation of specialized processors chips in the work of video and sound.
This mania to enumerate the generations of computers seems to have lost. Will not happen, as in the first four generations, the replacing a generation of computers for the following. Many technologies are going to survive together, each in its market sector.
It is a fact that the chips are getting smaller, faster and more efficient. Will this be the hallmark of the seventh generation of computers?
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